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Health Careers Program

Health Professions and Fields of Study

Allopathic Medicine

A medical profession which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments. The ethics of medicine require that physicians show consideration, compassion and benevolence for the patients. 

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A health care profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the neuromuscular skeletal system and the effects of these disorders on general health. It is generally categorized as complementary and alternative medicine. Although chiropractors have many attributes of primary care providers, chiropractic care is considered a medical specialty.

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A branch of the healing arts and sciences devoted to maintaining the health of the teeth, gums, and other hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity and adjacent structures. A dentist is a scientist and clinician dedicated to the highest standard of health through prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of oral diseases and conditions.

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A profession where people are skilled to perform duties that include treating patients, educating patients and the public about various medical conditions, and providing advice and emotional support to patients' family members. Nurse's record patients' medical histories and symptoms, help to perform diagnostic tests and analyze results, operate medical machinery, administer treatment and medications and help with patient follow-up and rehabilitation.

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Occupational Therapy

A holistic health care profession that aims to promote health by enabling individuals to perform meaningful and purposeful activities across the lifespan. Occupational therapists are health professionals that use treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of their patients with a physical, mental or developmental condition.

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A field of healthcare where individuals are trained to examine internal and external structures of the eye. An optometrist can diagnose, treat, and manage diseases and disorders of the visual system such as glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders.

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Osteopathic Medicine

An area where the physician undergoes osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) training wherein the main emphasis is on the muscles and bones and how these systems affect the general health and well-being of the individual. This training is grounded unto the philosophies of osteopathy that include seeing the symptoms in the patient's context and seeing the patient as a whole individual.

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A profession that exists to serve the needs of society, most often represented as the needs of individual patients. Pharmacy's ultimate goal is to render pharmaceutical care. Recently, the scope of the pharmacist's activities has expanded to include consultation with physicians and other health professionals in the process of pharmacotherapeutic decision-making.

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Physical Therapy

A healthcare profession in which trained persons assess, organize, and participate in the rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury. They are often an important part of rehabilitation and treatment of patients with chronic conditions or injuries.

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Physician Assistant

An individual that is vital to all areas of medicine. A physician assistant (PA) provides healthcare services typically performed by a physician. They can practice in areas of primary care, that is family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, gynecology, as well as in surgery sub-specialties. Although supervised by physicians, a PA has a lot of autonomy. They conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and consult patients. In all 50 states, the District or Columbia, and Guam, a PA has the authority to prescribe medication.

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A profession where individuals strive to improve the overall health of their patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing, and treating conditions associated with the foot and ankle. Within the field of podiatry, US trained podiatric physicians rotate through major areas including but not limited to surgery, sports medicine, biomechanics, geriatrics, internal medicine, diabetes, vascular, neurological, pediatrics, dermatological, orthopedics or primary care.

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Public Health

A profession that confronts complex health issues, such as improving access to health care, controlling infectious disease, and reducing environmental hazard, violence, substance abuse, and injury. They specialize in an array of fields. A host of specialists, including teachers, journalists, researchers, administrators, environmentalists, demographers, social workers, laboratory scientists, and attorneys work to protect the health of the public.

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Public Health Minor Requirements

Additional Information

In addition to the above information, you can also research various health careers and read up-to-minute articles about health professions at

Even if you have a strong interest in one career now, for a variety of reasons, it is still important to have an alternative career in mind. Not everyone applying to professional schools can be accepted; students academic interest, personal needs, and financial priorities can change. In choosing a career, it is most important to understand your own values, interests, talents and abilities, and investigate all your options before making a decision.